Human enhancements is one of the difficulties in the human enhancement debate is the lack of consensus on what an enhancement or enhancement means. The ethically questionable practice of human enhancement is conceptually distinguishable from the more accepted method of human reparation or therapy.
However. It is confusing to suggest that medicine has always has limited to merely repairing or that there is a contract on. The acceptability of how the drug is able today. The contemporary medical practice uses a definition of health supported by the widespread socio-cultural construct of well-being, recognizing that healthcare needs are not always about physiological deficiency.
Instead, it may be a matter of changing lifestyle conditions that could affect health. Practices such as in vitro fertilization for infertility treatment. Abortion to avoid psychological trauma derived from having a child or physician-assisted suicide. To alleviate people’s suffering at the end of their lives are issues that are part of medical practice today.
However. There is currently controversy about whether these interventions are consistent with the proper role of medicine. Abortion to avoid psychological trauma resulting from having a child or physician-assisted suicide to alleviate people’s suffering at the end of their lives are issues that are part of today’s medical practice.
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ETHICAL ISSUES in Human Enhancements
Ethical debates about human enhancement have developed within various fields of published work, counting bioethics, animal ethics, ecological ethics, political science. And the social scientific study of medication. Each of these zones approaches the meaning of human enhancement from quite different perspectives.
For example, Dvorsky (2008) argues that the ability to improve human biology must also imply an obligation to “boost”. The capabilities of other animals as well. Alternatively, bioethics has held that the possibility of human enhancement requires us to consider what kinds of persons there should be, alluding to the potential use of germline genetic modification or selection.
Up to this point, there is no single set of ethical issues reflected by all breeding forms. For example, enhancing an athlete’s performance in sports may raise very different ethical concerns compared to improving a child’s height to ensure that it reaches a certain level close to the average size of the population.
Alternatively, genetic improvement:
Alternatively. Genetic improvement is to have changed to implications of using a prosthetic device to achieve a similar effect.
As such, an overview of the ethical issues of human enhancement must first consider that one can, at best, offer only a set of general concerns that can be reflected in specific examples of human enhancement. Improvement. Similarly. While some ethical concerns involve identifiable stakeholders, for others, they are
more diffuse. For example. When asking if a doctor can facilitate human enhancement for a patient, one would turn to her professional code of ethics to help answer this question.
In asking whether germline genetic enhancement is morally sound. It may be necessary to weigh the patient’s interests alongside those of other family members, community, society. And perhaps even the world population, along with those of future generations.
This happens because these interventions can affect a much broader population due to the possible transfer from one generation to the next that these modifications can bring about.
INDIVIDUAL CONCERNS for Human Enhancements
it should not be considered controversial to argue that there are good reasons human beings would want to improve themselves in a general sense. As I have indicated before, humans have always sought to improve themselves.
Among the most common methods are education, exercise and a good diet. Carrying out these quests can lead to much more extraordinary abilities than one might have. And this, in turn, would lead to an advantage over those who have chosen not to engage in such practices
First of all, It is important to comment that it is inappropriate to devise moral norms applicable to people. People always act in different social contexts with different moral and ethical expectations. In the end. What, if anything, distinguishes accepted methods of enhancement from those that raise moral concerns, such as drug use or the possibility of genetic modification?
The nuances of each life are an important reminder that there are often no codes of ethics to govern our daily lives. Instead, moral frameworks can guide our actions or organize social behaviour.
For example, using a reasoning sauce to pass an exam may violate a university’s code of ethics, which is unlikely in reality. Still, it may be seen as enriching your performance within the orchestra. Where there is greater ambivalence about whether such use is ethical or not.
Media Matters in Human Enhancements
A common argument used to contest the value of human enhancement is to. Appeal to the idea that the means through which people achieve their goals matters. If a technological shortcut is adopted to achieve a particular purpose, this could decrease its value.
For example, if one is a mountaineer and decides to reach the top of a mountain using a helicopter instead of his own body. He has not only thrown away the value of the feat. But we could not even say that he has climbed the mountain.
The argument extends to many other enhancement forms. From using coffee to be more attentive each day to cosmetic surgery to improve one’s appearance. However, in these cases, the degree to which the use of these means is relevant varies considerably.
Rethinking ethics in Human Enhancements
To a great extent. Our ethics depend on the type of beings we are and what we consider happiness and the good life to be as such. Traditionally, philosophers have based their ethical theories on assumptions about human nature.
With the new technological improvement procedures. We can become different beings to a relevant degree, and with this. We would have to rethink our basic ethical positions.
For example, would we be equally supportive of other humans. who differ substantially from us? In the medium term, it seems plausible that converging technologies will allow spectacular improvements, which makes this scenario something to consider with due seriousness.
Human improvement and dignity
There is a dispute about the effect of implants based on ICT technologies (Information and Communication Technologies) on the dignity of the human being in relation, above all.To the integrity of the body.
For some, they contribute to promoting dignity by constituting means to restore damaged human capacities. In contrast, others endanger it by conspicuously altering qualities considered fundamental for the human being’s integrity, autonomy, and self-awareness . (EGE, 2005 ).
Such implants or any device (internal or external) of action on brain activity that has therapeutic uses can be used to access. Modify, and control the individual’s memory, perceptions, habits, and judgments.
Health and security
In modification cases (whether for perceived or actual improvement).The individual’s freedom may conflict with health and safety values. Even if the latter alleges that he makes the decision voluntarily. There may be cases where the informed consent has not been met with all the guarantees or where a modification that.
In principle, only affects the individual has negative consequences for others. (Such as the drunk driver who has an accident, causing the death of another person).
Military uses such as exoskeletons and battle suits
being developed to provide soldiers with better camouflage, greater strength and endurance, high protection against wounds and first aid treatment, and devices integrated into the body’s fabric. For communications, improving perceptual abilities, etc.
Increasing the protection of the soldiers of an army can suppose an undue advantage over. The opponent and foster a feeling of confidence in the victory that increases the cases of the use of force to resolve political conflicts between countries.
In the preceding pages, we have surveyed the main elements that populate the moral landscape of human enhancement through new converging technologies. The ethical controversy on this subject is gaining momentum and complexity. So we cannot claim anything other than to have offered the first introduction to it.